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Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences (IOFAN)

Vavilov Str., 38
119991 Moscow
Russian Federation

Contact email:

Website: www.gpi.ru

Brief presentation of the institution

Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (GPI RAS) was organized in 1982 on the basis of Division A of the Lebedev Physical Institute, USSR Academy of Sciences, by Academician Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov. He became the first director of the new institute. Since 1998, the General Physics Institute has been headed by Academician of RAS Ivan Aleksandrovich Shcherbakov. In 2002, the institute was named after Academician A.M. Prokhorov.

The main directions of research at the institute are as follows:

  • laser physics and optics;
  • quantum electronics;
  • integrated optics;
  • technology of new materials;
  • condensed matter physics;
  • surface physics;
  • micro- and nanoelectronics;
  • plasma physics and controlled thermonuclear fusion;
  • hydrophysics, including ocean acoustics and nonlinear acoustic diagnostics;
  • laser medicine and ecology.

Currently, the institute includes 15 scientific departments; 2 research centers (Natural Sciences Center (NSC), Research Center for Laser Materials and Technologies (RCLMT) and 3 branches: Wave Research Center (WRC), Physics Instrumentation Center (PIC) and Tarusa Department of GPI RAS). There are three doctoral dissertation councils at the institute on the following qualifications: acoustics, laser physics, condensed matter physics, theoretical physics, plasma physics, semiconductor technology and equipment, electronic materials and devices. The institute cooperates with research organizations of 15 countries within the bilateral and interacademic conventions. Joint laboratories with scientific institutions of Canada, Italy, and France have been organized. Up to 300 foreign researchers and experts visit the institute every year. The institute has experimental facilities making it possible to perform fundamental and applied investigations in different fields of physics. The results of these investigations led in many cases to the development and practical realization of various devices for industry, medicine, and ecology, which have no analogs in the Russian and foreign instrument making.

Main Plasma with liquids related topics

  1. Theory of electric discharge excitation in a liquid medium and on the liquid-gas interface;
  2. Experimental investigation of fundamental problems of DC electrode discharge in water;
  3. Experimental investigation of microwave discharge in liquid;
  4. Discharge application for water cleansing and disinfection;
  5. Discharge in liquid as a way for nanosize particles production.

- In water electro-physical anomalies and putting them into operation in development of electric discharge theory. Abnormal high  conductivity of water under the high electric field (abnormal high mobility of protons).

-Development of a new type multispark discharger creating plasma  in the water and acting on the water simultaneously  through the: directly plasma, biologically active UV-radiation. cavitation phenomena and chemical actine radicals and molecules (O3, H2O2, OH, etc).

-Plasmachemical peculiarities of system based on the generated in the liquid discharges. Problem of CH4 and CO2 utilization.

- Nano-technological application of excitedin liquids discharges.                            

Main Plasma with liquids related research techniques and equipment

- Set of installations based on the developed in GPI original multielectrode electric discharge system meant for plasma production in a liquid medium.New high-power (up to 1 kW) installation based on the five ring-shape dischargers proceeding for water cleaning and desinfection and for nano-carbon spirit colloid production.

- Special setup meant for anti-multipactor coating of microwave techniques details with help of spirit nano-carbon colloid.

Brief information on available facilities related to Plasma with liquids

Various discharge reactors for generation of plasma in liquid and in gas/liquid environment:

- Pulsed discharge point-plane electrode system in water, spirit and other liquids.

- High-voltage pulsed generator (U=20 kV, pulse duration 5mks) meant formultielectrode discharger powering.

- High-voltage pulsed generator (U=50 kV, pulse duration 0,5mks) meant formultielectrode discharger powering. 

- High-power microwave generator (P=1 MW, pulse duration 20 ms) meant for microwave plasma production in liquid environment.       

Willingness to accept/host visiting researchers

Participation in Working Groups

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Action Office

Working groups

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